Female hormones are a group of steroids that are responsible for the development and function of reproductive organs and the formation of secondary sex characteristics in women. Along with progesterone, they help regulate the menstrual cycle, are involved in the growth of breasts and the uterus, and help maintain a healthy pregnancy. Though considered the main sex hormones for women, they are also found in men and play a role in bone metabolism and growth in both sexes. This profile measures the amount of the four main female hormones in the blood.
Hormones are crucial to a woman’s reproductive health. The main hormones affecting the menstrual cycle and fertility are produced by glands in the brain and by the ovaries. Those hormones regulate menstruation, fertility, and sex drive (libido) – any one of which can be adversely affected if the production of these hormones goes out of balance. As most women approach mid-life, hormonal changes gradually cause reproductive organs to shut down, eventually leading to menopause.
None; however, the sample should be collected 3 to 4 hours after waking. The timing of a woman’s sample will be correlated with her menstrual cycle or, if pregnant, with the gestational age of the baby.
You should strongly consider testing if you are a woman struggling with infertility, or if you are experiencing changes that suggest the onset of menopause. In addition, strongly consider testing if you are experiencing abnormal menstrual cycles, abnormal or heavy vaginal bleeding, fatigue, moodiness, low sex drive, loss of muscle tone or increased body fat.
Results of the tests that are part of the Female Hormone profile are typically evaluated together to look for patterns of results. A single abnormal test result may mean something different than if several test results are abnormal. For example, a hormone imbalance may affect a woman’s menstrual cycle and/or ovulation. A health practitioner will consider all the information from the workup to establish a diagnosis.
A healthcare practitioner who is monitoring a woman’s hormones will be looking at trends in the levels, rising or lowering over time in conjunction with the menstrual cycle or pregnancy rather than evaluating single values. Test results are not diagnostic of a specific condition but give the healthcare practitioner information about the potential cause of a person’s symptoms or status.
See the pages on the individual tests for more detailed information about each one:
The laboratory test results are NOT to be interpreted as results of a "stand-alone" test. The test results have to be interpreted after correlating with suitable clinical findings and additional supplemental tests/information. Your healthcare providers will explain the meaning of your tests results, based on the overall clinical scenario.
Certain medications that you may be currently taking may influence the outcome of the test. Hence, it is important to inform your healthcare provider of the complete list of medications (including any herbal supplements) you are currently taking. This will help the healthcare provider interpret your test results more accurately and avoid unnecessary chances of a misdiagnosis.
A thyroid panel is a group of tests that may be ordered together to help evaluate thyroid gland function and to help diagnose thyroid disorders. The tests included in a thyroid panel measure the amount of thyroid hormones in the blood. These hormones are chemical substances that travel through the blood and control or regulate the body's metabolism—how it functions and uses energy.
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a hormone produced by reproductive tissues, including the testicles in males and the ovaries in females. The role of AMH and the amount normally present varies depending upon sex and age. This test measures AMH in the blood.
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