Blood

Biochemistry profile + HDL/LDL

£108.00 Price excludes a visit fee
Product Code: DL1L Turnaround time: 1 working day
Turnaround time is defined as the usual number of days from the date of pickup of a specimen for testing to when the result is released to the patient. In some cases, additional time should be allowed for additional confirmatory or additional reflex tests. Testing schedules may vary.

The biochemistry profile is a frequently ordered panel of 24 tests that gives a healthcare provider important information about the current status of a person's metabolism, including the health of the kidneys and liver, electrolyte and acid/base balance as well as levels of blood glucose and blood proteins. Abnormal results, and especially combinations of abnormal results, can indicate a problem that needs to be addressed.

The biochemistry profile includes the following tests:

  • Glucose – energy source for the body; a steady supply must be available for use, and a relatively constant level of glucose must be maintained in the blood.

Minerals:

  • Calcium – one of the most important minerals in the body; it is essential for the proper functioning of muscles, nerves, and the heart and is required in blood clotting and in the formation of bones.
  • Phosphate – to evaluate the level of phosphorus in your blood and to aid in the diagnosis of conditions known to cause abnormally high or low levels of phosphorus
  • Iron and TIBC – to evaluate your body’s current level of iron; to help diagnose iron deficiency or iron overload

Proteins

  • Albumin – a small protein produced in the liver; the major protein in serum
  • Total Protein – measures albumin as well as all other proteins in serum
  • Globulin – play an important role in liver function, blood clotting, and fighting infection.

Electrolytes

  • Sodium – vital to normal body processes, including nerve and muscle function
  • Potassium – vital to cell metabolism and muscle function
  • CO2 (carbon dioxide, bicarbonate) – helps to maintain the body’s acid-base balance (pH)
  • Chloride – helps to regulate the amount of fluid in the body and maintain the acid-base balance

Kidney Tests

  • BUN (blood urea nitrogen) – waste product filtered out of the blood by the kidneys; conditions that affect the kidney have the potential to affect the amount of urea in the blood.
  • Creatinine – waste product produced in the muscles; it is filtered out of the blood by the kidneys so blood levels are a good indication of how well the kidneys are working.
  • Uric Acid – to detect high levels of uric acid in the blood, which could be a sign of the condition gout, or to monitor uric acid levels when undergoing chemotherapy or radiation treatment; to detect high levels of uric acid in the urine in order to diagnose the cause of kidney stones and to monitor those with gout who are at risk of developing such stones.
  • eGFR – to assess kidney function and diagnose, stage, and monitor chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Liver Tests

  • ALP (alkaline phosphatase) – an enzyme found in the liver and other tissues, bone; elevated levels of ALP in the blood are most commonly caused by liver disease or bone disorders.
  • ALT (alanine aminotransferase, also called SGPT) – an enzyme found mostly in the cells of the liver and kidney; a useful test for detecting liver damage
  • AST (aspartate aminotransferase, also called SGOT) – an enzyme found especially in cells in the heart and liver; also a useful test for detecting liver damage
  • GGT (Gamma-glutamyl transferase) – to evaluate for possible liver disease or bile duct disease or to differentiate between liver and bone disease as a cause of elevated alkaline phosphatase (ALP); sometimes to screen for or monitor alcohol abuse.
  • Creatine Kinase (CK) – to detect and monitor muscle damage; to help diagnose conditions associated with muscle damage.
  • Bilirubin – waste product produced by the liver as it breaks down and recycles aged red blood cells

Lipid tests

The biochemistry profile is used as a broad screening tool to evaluate organ function and check for conditions such as diabetes, liver disease, and kidney disease. This profile may also be ordered to monitor known conditions, such as hypertension, and to monitor people taking specific medications for any kidney- or liver-related side effects. If a health practitioner is interested in following two or more individual biochemistry parameters components, he or she may order the entire profile because it offers more information.

You may need to fast (nothing but water) for 10 to 12 hours prior to the blood draw. Depending on the reason for ordering this profile, it may be drawn after fasting or on a random basis.

The biochemistry tests are routinely ordered as part of a blood work-up for a medical exam or yearly physical. While the individual tests are sensitive, they do not usually tell a health practitioner specifically what is wrong. Abnormal test results or groups of test results are usually followed up with other specific tests to confirm or rule out a suspected diagnosis.

Results of the tests that are part of the biochemistry profile are typically evaluated together to look for patterns of results. A single abnormal test result may mean something different than if several test results are abnormal. For example, a high result on just one of the liver enzyme tests has different implications than high results on several liver enzyme tests.

Out-of-range results for any of the tests in this profile can be due to a variety of different conditions, including, for example, kidney failure, breathing problems, and diabetes-related complications. Typically, if any results are out-of-range, one or more follow-up tests are performed to help pinpoint the cause and/or help establish a diagnosis.

See the pages on the individual tests for more detailed information about each one.

Disclaimer

The laboratory test results are NOT to be interpreted as results of a "stand-alone" test. The test results have to be interpreted after correlating with suitable clinical findings and additional supplemental tests/information. Your healthcare providers will explain the meaning of your tests results, based on the overall clinical scenario.

Certain medications that you may be currently taking may influence the outcome of the test. Hence, it is important to inform your healthcare provider of the complete list of medications (including any herbal supplements) you are currently taking. This will help the healthcare provider interpret your test results more accurately and avoid unnecessary chances of a misdiagnosis.


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